Judges and prosecutors assisting the retaliation

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  • 2016. December 16.

The president of the Curia, the Attorney General and the Chairperson of the Committee of National Remembrance launched the joint research programme ‘Remembering and Reminding’ in December 2014 in order to systematically explore the legal retribution that followed the 1956 revolution and war of independence. One focus of the research that takes legal as well as historical aspects into consideration is to investigate the individuals who contributed to the retaliation by means of the judicial system or were members of the executive bodies.

In the first part of our compilation the career profiles of judges are published who passed death sentences in court trials for participants of the revolution. At the end of each biography the dates of the death sentences at first and second instances, the name of the convict are published, along with the second instance proceedings (acceptance, reduction) in case of a possibility of an appeal, reprieve, or if someone was convicted in absentia and in most cases the date of the execution.

The research on prosecutors contributing to the retaliation has started, predominantly relying on archive resources. In the second, constantly growing part of our compilation, the career profiles of prosecutors are published who represented the prosecution throughout either first or second instance proceedings in trials where death sentences were passed and executed  along with the biography of Géza Szénási, Prosecutor General and János Götz, public prosecutor in the capital. Similarly to the judges, the trials are listed after the individual’s career, along with the names of the convicts and the dates of their sentences.

The research was led by Réka Földváryné Kiss, Tibor Zinner.

Contributors: Viktor Andaházi Szeghy, Márta Beatrix Botyánszky, Dávid Kiss, Erika Laczovics, János Rácz, István Simon, Norbert Szári, Ádám Török, Árpád Vári.